Discordant twins: Diagnosis, evaluation and management

Jena Miller, Suneet P. Chauhan, Alfred Z. Abuhamad

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Approximately 16% of twin gestations have discordance of at least 20%. We identified 14 risk factors for divergent growth that can be categorized as maternal, fetal, or placental. Determination of chorionicity and serial ultrasound evaluation with a high index of suspicion for divergent growth is required for the diagnosis and stratification of risk. The highest reported likelihood ratio for detection of discordance was 5.9 during the first trimester examination and 6.0 for the second trimester. Although our ability to identify discordant twins is limited, once suspected and at viable gestational age, these pregnancies should have antepartum testing. Discordant growth alone is not an indication for preterm birth. Although there are multiple publications on the increased morbidity and mortality rates with discordant growth, there is a paucity of reports on how to manage them optimally and deliver them in a timely manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-20
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume206
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • chorionicity
  • discordance
  • discordant twins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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