Directed expression of keratin 16 to the progenitor basal cells of transgenic mouse skin delays skin maturation

Rudolph D. Paladini, Pierre A. Coulombe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We previously hypothesized that the type I keratin 16 (K16) plays a role in the process of keratinocyte activation that occurs in response to skin injury (Paladini, R.D., K. Takahashi, N.S. Bravo, and P.A. Coulombe. 1996. J. Cell BioI. 132:381-397). To further examine its properties in vivo, the human K16 cDNA was constitutively expressed in the progenitor basal layer of transgenic mouse skin using the K14 gene promoter. Mice that express approximately as much K16 protein as endogenous K14 display a dramatic postnatal phenotype that consists of skin that is hyperkeratotic, scaly, and essentially devoid of fur. Histologically, the epidermis is thickened because of hyperproliferation of transgenic basal cells, whereas the hair follicles are decreased in number, poorly developed, and hypoproliferative. Microscopically, the transgenic keratinocytes are hypertrophic and feature an altered keratin filament network and decreased cell-cell adhesion. The phenotype normalizes at ~5 wk after birth. In contrast, control mice expressing a K16-K14 chimeric protein to comparable levels are normal. The character and temporal evolution of the phenotype in the K16 transgenic mice are reminiscent of the activated EGF receptor-mediated signaling pathway in skin. In fact, tyrosine phosphorylation of the EGF receptor is increased in the newborn skin of K16 transgenic mice. We conclude that expression of K16 can significantly alter the response of skin keratinocytes to signaling cues, a distinctive property likely resulting from its unique COOH-terminal tail domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1035-1051
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume142
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 24 1998

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Keratin
  • Skin
  • Transgenic mouse
  • Wound repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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