The antitumor efficacy and host toxicity of dipyridamole (DP), methotrexate (MTX) and cisplatin (CDDP) alone and combined were evaluated in a nude mouse supported human bladder cancer model. Single agent post treatment tumor volume growth ratio [TGR] values of DP, MTX and CDDP were 97%, 65% and 49% of control. While the MTX/DP combination produced only mild cytotoxic enhancement, CDDP/DP and CDDP/MTX/DP reduced TGR to 20% and 17%, respectively. A second multi-dose evaluation of CDDP/DP using human testicular carcinoma in this model also showed a CDDP dose-dependent response with achievable complete tumor regression. Host toxicity was not substantially increased by DP. DP would appear to be effective in vivo as a chemosensitizer of CDDP; it may enhance the therapeutic efficacy of CDDP in a variety of tumors.
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