Dipetalodipin, a novel multifunctional salivary lipocalin that inhibits platelet aggregation, vasoconstriction, and angiogenesis through unique binding specificity for TXA2, PGF, and 15(S)-HETE

Teresa C.F. Assumpção, Patricia H. Alvarenga, José M.C. Ribeiro, John F. Andersen, Ivo M.B. Francischetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dipetalodipin (DPTL) is an 18 kDa protein cloned from salivary glands of the triatomine Dipetalogaster maxima. DPTL belongs to the lipocalin superfamily and has strong sequence similarity to pallidipin, a salivary inhibitor of collagen-induced platelet aggregation. DPTL expressed in Escherichia coli was found to inhibit platelet aggregation by collagen, U-46619, or arachidonic acid without affecting aggregation induced by ADP, convulxin, PMA, and ristocetin.Anassay based on incubation of DPTL with small molecules (e.g. prostanoids, leukotrienes, lipids, biogenic amines) followed by chromatography, mass spectrometry, and isothermal titration calorimetry showed that DPTL binds with high affinity to carbocyclic TXA2, TXA2 mimetic (U-46619), TXB2, PGH2 mimetic (U-51605), PGD2, PGJ2, and PGF. It also interacts with 15(S)-HETE, being the first lipocalin described to date to bind to a derivative of 15-lipoxygenase. Binding was not observed to other prostaglandins (e.g. PGE 1, PGE2, 8-iso-PGF, prostacyclin), leukotrienes (e.g,. LTB4, LTC4, LTD4, LTE 4), HETEs (e.g. 5(S)-HETE, 12(S)-HETE, 20-HETE), lipids (e.g. arachidonic acid, PAF), and biogenic amines (e.g. ADP, serotonin, epinephrine, norepinephrine, histamine). Consistent with its binding specificity, DPTL prevents contraction of rat uterus stimulated by PGF and induces relaxation of aorta previously contracted with U-46619. Moreover, it inhibits angiogenesis mediated by 15(S)-HETE and did not enhance inhibition of collagen-induced platelet aggregation by SQ29548 (TXA2 antagonist) and indomethacin.A3-D model for DPTL and pallidipin is presented that indicates the presence of a conserved Arg39 and Gln135 in the binding pocket of both lipocalins. Results suggest that DPTL blocks platelet aggregation, vasoconstriction, and angiogenesis through binding to distinct eicosanoids involved in inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39001-39012
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume285
Issue number50
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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