Dimensions and Correlates of Negative Attitudes Toward Female Survivors of Sexual Violence in Eastern DRC

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9 Scopus citations


The aim of the study described in this article is to examine the dimensions and correlates of attitudes toward survivors of sexual violence (SV) in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Four dimensions of attitudes were identified: victim responsibility, victim denigration, victim credibility, and deservingness. Gender roles attitudes represented the most significant correlate of attitudes toward survivors in this population. Other significant correlates of overall attitudes toward survivors included current employment, province of residence, knowledge about the SV law, awareness about where to go for information on sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), and the perceived prevalence of SV in own community. There are differences and communalities in the variables associated with the various dimensions of attitudes. For example, sex of the respondent and discussion of SGBV with others were only significantly associated with the tendency to ascribe responsibility to the victim. The findings indicate that changing negative gender norms should be central to efforts aimed at promoting accepting attitudes toward survivors. Furthermore, addressing the various dimensions of attitudes toward survivors may require different strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1679-1697
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jun 2014


  • cultural contexts
  • sexual assault
  • violence exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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