Digital stereophotogrammetry as a new technique to quantify truncal deformity: A pilot study in persons with osteogenesis imperfecta

Lisa R. Gabor, Andrew P. Chamberlin, Ellen Levy, Monique B. Perry, Holly Cintas, Scott M. Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of this pilot study was to determine the usability of stereophotogrammetry (SP) as a noninvasive technique for obtaining linear measures and anatomical data of the torso in people with osteogenesis imperfecta in comparison with clinical observations. Ten participants were recruited from subjects enrolled in ongoing institutional review board-approved osteogenesis imperfecta protocols at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Using a Gulick tape measure, anthropometer, and the SP system proprietary software, linear measurements of the torso were taken. In addition, the presence or absence of specific torso deformities was documented from both clinical observation and evaluation of SP images. Measurements of torso diameter and circumference by SP demonstrated strong agreement with the manual measurements (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.995 and 0.964, respectively). Substantial and statistically significant agreement was present between SP image evaluation and clinical observation for pectus carinatum (κ = 0.52 ± 0.23) and thoracic scoliosis (κ = 0.72 ± 0.12). The kappa values between clinical observation and SP evaluations of other torso deformities were not significant. The strong correlations and P values determined by this study demonstrate the potential value of SP in studying persons with truncal deformities. However, the weak agreement between SP and some clinical observations suggests that further development of SP image analysis tools is required before SP can be used as a standard method of diagnosis or assessment of treatment success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)844-850
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Anthropometry
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Scoliosis
  • Stereophotogrammetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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