Digital signatures for early traumatic brain injury outcome prediction in the intensive care unit

Anil K. Palepu, Aditya Murali, Jenna L. Ballard, Robert Li, Samiksha Ramesh, Hieu Nguyen, Hanbiehn Kim, Sridevi Sarma, Jose I. Suarez, Robert D. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading neurological cause of death and disability across the world. Early characterization of TBI severity could provide a window for therapeutic intervention and contribute to improved outcome. We hypothesized that granular electronic health record data available in the first 24 h following admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) can be used to differentiate outcomes at discharge. Working from two ICU datasets we focused on patients with a primary admission diagnosis of TBI whose length of stay in ICU was ≥ 24 h (N = 1689 and 127). Features derived from clinical, laboratory, medication, and physiological time series data in the first 24 h after ICU admission were used to train elastic-net regularized Generalized Linear Models for the prediction of mortality and neurological function at ICU discharge. Model discrimination, determined by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) analysis, was 0.903 and 0.874 for mortality and neurological function, respectively. Model performance was successfully validated in an external dataset (AUC 0.958 and 0.878 for mortality and neurological function, respectively). These results demonstrate that computational analysis of data routinely collected in the first 24 h after admission accurately and reliably predict discharge outcomes in ICU stratum TBI patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number19989
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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