Objectives: To investigate the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in detection of small lesions (≤ 10 mm) in patients with primary abdominal and pelvic cancer in hybrid PET/MR with or without time-of-flight (TOF) technique. Materials and methods: Twenty patients (11 females and 9 males, mean age 67.23 ± 12.90 years) with histologically confirmed primary abdominal and pelvic cancer underwent hybrid PET/MR examination. A total of 64 small lesions were included in this study, which were divided into two groups (≤ 10 mm and 10–30 mm). Visual scores of small lesion detection ability were rated by five-point ordinal scale. The visual scores and detectability of small lesions on TOF PET image, noTOF PET image, and DWI sequences of hybrid PET/MR examination with or without TOF technique were analyzed. Logistic regression model was established for analysis in the value of DWI in hybrid PET/MR examination with or without TOF technique in detection of the small lesions between two groups. Results: The visual evaluation revealed the small lesion (≤ 10 mm) visual scores of DWI (mean ± SD: 4.23 ± 1.41), TOF PET image (mean ± SD: 4.14 ± 0.89), and noTOF PET image (mean ± SD: 2.68 ± 1.13);.and the visual scores of small lesions (10–30 mm) on DWI (mean ± SD: 4.98 ± 0.15), TOF PET image (mean ± SD: 4.57 ± 0.59), and noTOF PET image (mean ± SD: 3.98 ± 1.05). The visual scores of all small lesions on DWI were higher than that on TOF PET data and noTOF PET data in both two groups (**P < 0.01). The missed diagnosis rates of small FDG avid lesions (≤ 10 mm) of DWI and noTOF PET image were 9.1% and 9.1%, respectively. However, the TOF PET-based clinical diagnosis detected all small lesions (≤ 30 mm). DWI was of great importance in detection of small lesions (≤ 10 mm) in the absence of TOF technique in PET/MR examination (**P < 0.01). DWI’s effect on detection of small lesions(10-30 mm) has shown no difference between PET/MR examinations with TOF and without TOF techniques (P > 0.05). Conclusion: DWI has significant value in the detection of small lesions (≤ 10 mm) in hybrid PET/MR examination without TOF technique for patients with primary abdominal and pelvic cancer. However, it had less detection benefits in the small lesions (≤ 10 mm) in hybrid PET/MR examination with TOF PET image.
- Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)
- Hybrid positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance (PET/MR)
- Time of flight (TOF)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging