Diffusion-weighted imaging as a part of PET/MR for small lesion detection in patients with primary abdominal and pelvic cancer, with or without TOF reconstruction technique

Tianbin Song, Bixiao Cui, Hongwei Yang, Jie Ma, Dongmei Shuai, Zhongwei Chen, Zhigang Liang, Yun Zhou, Jie Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in detection of small lesions (≤ 10 mm) in patients with primary abdominal and pelvic cancer in hybrid PET/MR with or without time-of-flight (TOF) technique. Materials and methods: Twenty patients (11 females and 9 males, mean age 67.23 ± 12.90 years) with histologically confirmed primary abdominal and pelvic cancer underwent hybrid PET/MR examination. A total of 64 small lesions were included in this study, which were divided into two groups (≤ 10 mm and 10–30 mm). Visual scores of small lesion detection ability were rated by five-point ordinal scale. The visual scores and detectability of small lesions on TOF PET image, noTOF PET image, and DWI sequences of hybrid PET/MR examination with or without TOF technique were analyzed. Logistic regression model was established for analysis in the value of DWI in hybrid PET/MR examination with or without TOF technique in detection of the small lesions between two groups. Results: The visual evaluation revealed the small lesion (≤ 10 mm) visual scores of DWI (mean ± SD: 4.23 ± 1.41), TOF PET image (mean ± SD: 4.14 ± 0.89), and noTOF PET image (mean ± SD: 2.68 ± 1.13);.and the visual scores of small lesions (10–30 mm) on DWI (mean ± SD: 4.98 ± 0.15), TOF PET image (mean ± SD: 4.57 ± 0.59), and noTOF PET image (mean ± SD: 3.98 ± 1.05). The visual scores of all small lesions on DWI were higher than that on TOF PET data and noTOF PET data in both two groups (**P < 0.01). The missed diagnosis rates of small FDG avid lesions (≤ 10 mm) of DWI and noTOF PET image were 9.1% and 9.1%, respectively. However, the TOF PET-based clinical diagnosis detected all small lesions (≤ 30 mm). DWI was of great importance in detection of small lesions (≤ 10 mm) in the absence of TOF technique in PET/MR examination (**P < 0.01). DWI’s effect on detection of small lesions(10-30 mm) has shown no difference between PET/MR examinations with TOF and without TOF techniques (P > 0.05). Conclusion: DWI has significant value in the detection of small lesions (≤ 10 mm) in hybrid PET/MR examination without TOF technique for patients with primary abdominal and pelvic cancer. However, it had less detection benefits in the small lesions (≤ 10 mm) in hybrid PET/MR examination with TOF PET image.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAbdominal Radiology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)
  • FDG
  • Hybrid positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance (PET/MR)
  • Time of flight (TOF)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology

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