Transverse myelitis is diagnosed based on the presence of spinal cord inflammation and the absence of infection to the central nervous system. In support of these criteria, patients undergo lumbar puncture to determine Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) pleocytosis and un-enhanced or Gadolinium-enhanced spinal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). We present the case of an 11~year-old previously healthy male who underwent a series of lab tests and MRI scans before a definite diagnosis of transverse myelitis four years prior to this study. The patient still shows deficits at the C4 cord level according to International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI) examination, however, his MRI results are negative, and his Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) results are close to values reported in healthy subjects.
- Transverse myelitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation