Diffuse lung disease in biopsied children 2 to 18 years of age application of the chILD classification scheme

Leland L. Fan, Megan K. Dishop, Csaba Galambos, Frederic B. Askin, Frances V. White, Claire Langston, Deborah R. Liptzin, Miranda E. Kroehl, Gail H. Deutsch, Lisa R. Young, Geoffrey Kurland, James Hagood, Sharon Dell, Bruce C. Trapnell, Robin R. Deterding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rationale: Children's Interstitial and Diffuse Lung Disease (chILD) is a heterogeneous group of disorders that is challenging to categorize. In previous study, a classification scheme was successfully applied to children 0 to 2 years of age who underwent lung biopsies for chILD. This classification scheme has not been evaluated in children 2 to 18 years of age. Objectives: This multicenter interdisciplinary study sought to describe the spectrum of biopsy-proven chILD in North America and to apply a previously reported classification scheme in children 2 to 18 years of age.Mortality and risk factors formortality were also assessed. Methods: Patients 2 to 18 years of age who underwent lung biopsies for diffuse lung disease from 12 North American institutions were included. Demographic and clinical data were collected and described. The lung biopsies were reviewed by pediatric lung pathologists with expertise in diffuse lung disease and were classified by the chILD classification scheme. Logistic regression was used to determine risk factors for mortality. Measurements and Main Results: A total of 191 cases were included in the final analysis. Number of biopsies varied by center (5-49 biopsies; mean, 15.8) and by age (2-18 yr; mean, 10.6 yr). The most common classification category in this cohort was Disorders of the Immunocompromised Host (40.8%), and the least common was Disorders of Infancy (4.7%). Immunocompromised patients suffered the highest mortality (52.8%). Additional associations with mortality included mechanical ventilation, worse clinical status at time of biopsy, tachypnea, hemoptysis, and crackles. Pulmonary hypertension was found to be a risk factor for mortality but only in the immunocompetent patients. Conclusions: In patients 2 to 18 years of age who underwent lung biopsies for diffuse lung disease, there were far fewer diagnoses prevalent in infancy and more overlap with adult diagnoses. Immunocompromised patientswith diffuse lung diseasewho underwent lung biopsies had less than 50% survival at time of last follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1498-1505
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of the American Thoracic Society
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Pathology
  • Rare pediatric lung disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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