Previously we isolated and characterized a differentially expressed gene from mouse 3T3-L1 preadipocytes that encodes stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD1; Ntambi, J.M., Buhrow, S.A., Kaestner, K.H., Christry, R.J., Sibley, E., Kelly, T.J., Jr., and Lane, M.D. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 17291-17300). Genomic Southern blot analysis indicated the existence of another closely related gene. Here we report the isolation and characterization of this gene and the corresponding cDNA which encode a second stearoyl-CoA desaturase, SCD2, in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. SCD2 cDNA is 5 kilobase pairs in length and encodes a protein of 358 amino acids with >87% amino acid sequence identity to SCD1. RNase protection analysis reveals a 10-fold increase in the expression of SCD2 mRNA during 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation. SCD2 mRNA is expressed constitutively at a high level in brain, is not expressed in liver, and its expression in kidney, adipose, and lung tissue is increased greatly by shifting mice from a diet containing unsaturated fatty acids to a diet devoid of fat. The tissue distribution and the dietary alteration of SCD1 mRNA expression differs markedly from that of SCD2 mRNA being absent from brain, constitutive in adipose tissue, and subject to negative control in liver by feeding a diet containing unsaturated fatty acids. The SCD2 gene spans approximately 15 kilobase pairs and consists of six exons and five introns, with intron/exon junctions similar to those of SCD1. As determined by primer extension analysis the start site of transcription maps 300 nucleotides upstream of the initiator methionine codon. Unlike the SCD1 gene, SCD2 lacks a typical 'TATA' box in the 5'-flanking region, but has two 'CCAAT' boxes at positions -90 and -135 relative to the transcription initiation site. The SCD2 promoter contains a 140-base pair sequence (located between nucleotides -54 and -201) which possesses 77% sequence identity to a region (located between nucleotides -472 and 325) in the SCD1 promoter. There is a GC-rich sequence in the SCD2 promoter (at nucleotide -175) similar to the binding site for the nuclear transcription factor Sp1 as well as an element with homology to the core consensus sequence for the glucocorticoid regulatory element at position-500 and a potential CCAAT box/enhancer binding protein sequence at position -540. The SCD gene family provides a new model system for the study of differentiation-induced as well as tissue-specific metabolite controlled gene expression.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology