Differentiating between subtypes of primary progressive aphasia and mild cognitive impairment on a modified version of the Frontal Behavioral Inventory

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Abstract

Behavioral assessment has been investigated in frontotemporal lobar degeneration and Alzheimer’s disease, but has not been explored extensively in subtypes of primary progressive aphasia (PPA). We explored the ability of a modified version of the Frontal Behavioral Inventory (FBI-mod) to discriminate between patients with distinct subtypes of PPA and patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). We hypothesized that individuals with nonfluent agrammatic PPA (nfaPPA) would have higher negative behavior scores than other groups and that individuals with semantic variant PPA (svPPA) would have higher disinhibition scores than other groups. Family members and/or caregivers of 120 individuals with PPA and MCI (mean age 69.54+8.75 years; 65 (54%) female; education 16.06±2.68 years; disease duration 46.47±34.26 months) completed the FBI-mod [logopenic PPA (lvPPA) n = 40. nfaPPA n = 29, svPPA n = 27, MCI n = 24]. The groups were not significantly different in age, gender, education, or disease duration. There were no significant differences between the groups for negative behaviors (p = 0.72) and disinhibition scores (p = 0.14). When comparing negative and disinhibition scores (in percent), negative scores were significantly higher in all groups (p < 0.001). When comparing subtest items, there was a pairwise difference between lvPPA and svPPA for restlessness (lvPPA < svPPA, p = 0.02, after adjusting for multiple between-group comparisons). There was a significant difference in the proportion of severe neglect between the groups with lvPPA having a lower proportion than the other two variants (p = 0.05), and there was a significant difference in the proportion of severe poor judgment between the groups with lvPPA also having a lower proportion than nfaPPA (p = 0.04). This study reveals the greater negative behavioral disturbance than disinhibition in the PPA and MCI groups of similar age and duration since onset and identifies different profiles for some specific behaviors for the PPA groups. These findings may have clinical and practical implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0183212
JournalPloS one
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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