Differential transcriptional regulation by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and gp120 in human astrocytes

D. Galey, K. Becker, Norman Haughey, A. Kalehua, D. Taub, J. Woodward, M. P. Mattson, Avi Nath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Astrocytes may be infected with the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) or exposed to the HIV protein gp120, yet their role in the pathogenesis of HIV dementia is largely unknown. To characterize the effects of HIV on astrocytic transcription, microarray analysis and ribonuclease protection assays (RPA) were performed. Infection of astrocytes by HIV or treatment with gp120 had differential and profound effects on gene transcription. Of the 1153 oligonucleotides on the immune-based array, the expression of 108 genes (53 up; 55 down) and 82 genes (32 up; 50 down) were significantly modulated by gp120 and HIV infection respectively. Of the 1153 oligonucleotides on the neuro-based array, 58 genes (25 up; 33 down) and 47 genes (17 up; 30 down) were significantly modulated by gp120 and HIV infection respectively. Chemokine and cytokine induction occurred predominantly by HIV infection, whereas gp120 had no significant effect. These results were confirmed by RPA. The authors conclude that profound alterations of astrocytic function occur in response to HIV infection or interaction with viral proteins, suggesting that astrocytes may play an important role in the pathogenesis of HIV dementia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)358-371
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of NeuroVirology
Volume9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2003

Fingerprint

Astrocytes
HIV Infections
HIV-1
HIV Envelope Protein gp120
AIDS Dementia Complex
Ribonucleases
Oligonucleotides
Genes
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Proteins
Viral Proteins
Microarray Analysis
Chemokines
HIV
Cytokines
Gene Expression

Keywords

  • Astrocyte
  • Chemokine
  • Cytokine
  • gp120
  • HIV
  • Microarray
  • RPA
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Galey, D., Becker, K., Haughey, N., Kalehua, A., Taub, D., Woodward, J., ... Nath, A. (2003). Differential transcriptional regulation by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and gp120 in human astrocytes. Journal of NeuroVirology, 9(3), 358-371.

Differential transcriptional regulation by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and gp120 in human astrocytes. / Galey, D.; Becker, K.; Haughey, Norman; Kalehua, A.; Taub, D.; Woodward, J.; Mattson, M. P.; Nath, Avi.

In: Journal of NeuroVirology, Vol. 9, No. 3, 06.2003, p. 358-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Galey, D, Becker, K, Haughey, N, Kalehua, A, Taub, D, Woodward, J, Mattson, MP & Nath, A 2003, 'Differential transcriptional regulation by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and gp120 in human astrocytes', Journal of NeuroVirology, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 358-371.
Galey, D. ; Becker, K. ; Haughey, Norman ; Kalehua, A. ; Taub, D. ; Woodward, J. ; Mattson, M. P. ; Nath, Avi. / Differential transcriptional regulation by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and gp120 in human astrocytes. In: Journal of NeuroVirology. 2003 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 358-371.
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