Differential trace amine alterations in individuals receiving acetylenic inhibitors of MAO-A (clorgyline) or MAO-B (selegiline and pargyline)

D. L. Murphy, F. Karoum, D. Pickar, R. M. Cohen, S. Lipper, A. M. Mellow, P. N. Tariot, T. Sunderland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Marked, dose-dependent elevation in the urinary excretion of phenylethylamine, para-tyramine, and meta-tyramine were observed in depressed patients treated for three or more weeks with 10, 30, or 60mg/day of the partially-selective inhibitor of MAO-B, selegiline (l-deprenyl). In comparative studies with other, structurally similar acetylenic inhibitors of MAO, pargyline, an MAO-B > MAO-A inhibitor used in doses of 90mg/day for three or more weeks, produced elevations in these trace amines which were similar to those found with the highest dose of selegiline studied. Clorgyline, a selective inhibitor of MAO-A used in doses of 30mg/day for three or more weeks (a dose-time regimen previously reported to reduce urinary, plasma, and cerebrospinal fluid 3-methoxy-4- hydroxyphenylethyleneglycol (MHPG) > 80%, indicating a marked inhibitory effect on MAO-A in humans in vivo) produced negligible changes in trace amine excretion. In comparison to recent studies of individuals lacking the genes for MAO-A, MAO-B, or both MAO-A and MAO-B, the lack of change in trace amine excretion in individuals with a mutation affecting only MAO-A is in agreement with the observed lack of effect of clorgyline in the present study. Selegiline produced larger changes in trace amines-at least at the higher doses studied-than found in individuals lacking the gene for MAO-B, in agreement with other data suggesting a lesser selectivity for MAO-B inhibition when selegiline was given in doses higher than 10mg/day. Overall, trace amine elevations in individuals receiving the highest dose of deprenyl or receiving pargyline were approximately three to five-fold lower than the elevations observed in individuals lacking the genes for both MAO-A and MAO- B, suggesting that these drug doses yield incomplete inhibition of MAO-A and MAO-B.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-48
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neural Transmission, Supplement
Issue number52
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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