Differential single-stranded DNA binding properties of the paralogous SsbA and SsbB proteins from Streptococcus pneumoniae

Diane E. Grove, Smaranda Willcox, Jack D. Griffith, Floyd R. Bryant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The naturally transformable Gram-positive bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae has two single-stranded DNA-binding (SSB) proteins, designated SsbA and SsbB. The SsbA protein is similar in size to the well characterized SSB protein from Escherichia coli (SsbEc). The SsbB protein, in contrast, is a smaller protein that is specifically induced during natural transformation and has no counterpart in E. coli. In this report, the single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) binding properties of the SsbA and SsbB proteins were examined and compared with those of the SsbEc protein. The ssDNA binding characteristics of the SsbA protein were similar to those of the SsbEc protein in every ssDNA binding assay used in this study. The SsbB protein differed from the SsbA and SsbEc proteins, however, both in its binding to short homopolymeric dTn oligomers (as judged by polyacrylamide gel-shift assays) and in its binding to the longer naturally occurring φX and M13 ssDNAs (as judged by agarose gel-shift assays and electron microscopic analysis). The results indicate that an individual SsbB protein binds to ssDNA with an affinity that is similar or higher than that of the SsbA and SsbEc proteins. However, the manner in which multiple SsbB proteins assemble onto a ssDNA molecule differs from that observed with the SsbA and SsbEc proteins. These results represent the first analysis of paralogous SSB proteins from any bacterial species and provide a foundation for further investigations into the biological roles of these proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11067-11073
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 25 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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