Differential role of K(ATP) channels in late preconditioning against myocardial stunning and infarction in rabbits

H. Takano, X. L. Tang, R. Bolli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The role of ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels in the late phase of ischemic preconditioning (PC) remains unclear. Furthermore, it is unknown whether K(ATP) channels serve as end effectors both for late PC against infarction and against stunning. Thus, in phase I of this study, conscious rabbits underwent a 30-min coronary occlusion (O) followed by 72 h of reperfusion (R) with or without ischemic PC (6 4-min O/4-min R cycles) 24 h earlier. Late PC reduced infarct size ~46% versus controls. The K(ATP) channel blocker 5-hydroxydecanoic acid (5-HD), given 5 min before the 30-min O, abrogated the infarct-sparing effect of late PC but did not alter infarct size in non-PC rabbits. In phase II, rabbits underwent six 4-min O/4-min R cycles for 3 consecutive days (days 1, 2, and 3). In controls, the total deficit of systolic wall thickening (WTh) after the sixth reperfusion was reduced by 46% on day 2 and 54% on day 3 compared with day 1, indicating a late PC effect against myocardial stunning Neither 5-HD nor glibenclamide, given on day 2, abrogated late PC. The K(ATP) channel opener diazoxide, given on day 1, attenuated stunning, and this effect was completely blocked by 5-HD. Thus the same dose of 5-HD that blocked the antistunning effect of diazoxide failed to block the antistunning effects of late PC. Furthermore, when diazoxide was administered in PC rabbits on day 2, myocardial stunning was further attenuated, indicating that diazoxide and late PC have additive anti-stunning effects. We conclude that K(ATP) channels play an essential role in late PC against infarction but not in late PC against stunning, revealing an important pathogenetic difference between these two forms of cardioprotection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H2350-H2359
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume279
Issue number5 48-5
StatePublished - Dec 12 2000

Keywords

  • 5-hydroxyldecanoidic acid
  • Diazoxide
  • Glibenclamide
  • Myocardial ischemia
  • Myocardial reperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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