Differential response to hypomethylating agents based on sex: a report on behalf of the MDS Clinical Research Consortium (MDS CRC)*

on behalf of the Evans MDS Clinical Research Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

First-line therapy for higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) includes decitabine (DAC) or azacitidine (AZA). Variables have not identified differential response rates between these. We assessed the influence of patient sex on outcomes including overall survival (OS) in 642 patients with higher-risk MDS treated with AZA or DAC. DAC-treated patients (35% of females, 31% of males) had marginally better OS than AZA-treated patients (p =.043), (median OS of 18.7 months versus 16.4 months), but the difference varied strongly by sex. Female patients treated with DAC had a longer median OS (21.1 months, 95% CI: 16.0–28.0) than female patients treated with AZA (13.2 months, 95% CI: 11.0–15.9; p =.0014), while for males there was no significant difference between HMAs (median OS 18.3 months with DAC versus 17.9 months for AZA, p =.59). The biological reason for this variability is unclear, but may be a consequence of differences in cytidine deaminase activity between men and women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1325-1331
Number of pages7
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2017

Keywords

  • MDS
  • Sex
  • azacitidine
  • decitabine
  • hypomethylating agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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