Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) plays an important role in the regulation of energy balance. While the regulation of TRH in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in response to changes of energy balance has been well studied, how TRH is regulated in the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) in maintaining energy homeostasis remains unclear. Here, we assessed the effects of food restriction and exercise on hypothalamic Trh expression using Otsuka Long-Evens Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats. Sedentary ad lib fed OLETF rats (OLETF-SED) became hyperphagic and obese. These alterations were prevented in OLETF rats with running wheel access (OLETF-RW) or food restriction in which their food was pair-fed (OLETF-PF) to the intake of lean control rats (LETO-SED). Evaluation of hypothalamic gene expression revealed that Trh mRNA expression was increased in the PVN of OLETF-SED rats and normalized in OLETF-RW and OLETF-PF rats compared to LETO-SED rats. In contrast, the expression of Trh in the DMH was decreased in OLETF-SED rats relative to LETO-SED rats. This alteration was reversed in OLETF-RW rats as seen in LETO-SED rats, but food restriction resulted in a significant increase in DMH Trh expression in OLETF-PF rats compared to LETO-SED rats. Strikingly, while Trh mRNA expression was decreased in the PVN of intact rats in response to acute food deprivation, food deprivation resulted in increased expression of Trh in the DMH. Together, these results demonstrate the differential regulation of Trh expression in the PVN and DMH in OLETF rats and suggest that DMH TRH also contributes to hypothalamic regulation of energy balance.
- Dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus
- Food restriction
- Neuropeptide Y
- Thyrotropin-releasing hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas