Differential protein levels and post-translational modifications in spinal cord injury of the rat

Leila Afjehi-Sadat, Mika Brejnikow, Sung Ung Kang, Vinay Vishwanath, Nadja Walder, Kurt Herkner, Heinz Redi, Gert Lubec

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although changes in protein expression in spinal cord injury (SCI) would be of pivotal interest, information so far is limited. It was therefore the aim of the study to determine protein levels and post-translational modifications in the early phase following SCI in the rat. SCI was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats and sham operated rats served as controls. A gel-based proteomic approach using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by quantification with specific software and subsequent identification of differentially expressed proteins by nano-ESI-LC-MS/MS was applied. Proteins of several pathways and cascades were dysregulated in SCI: 14-3-3 epsilon protein, dynein light chain 1, and tubulin beta-5 chain showed higher levels in SCI, whereas adenylyl cyclase associated protein 1, dihydropyrimidinase-related protein 2, F-actin capping protein subunit beta, glyceraldehyde3-phosphate dehydrogenase, stress-induced phosphoprotein 1 and transthyretin showed lower levels in the injured tissue, Post-translational modifications indicated free oxygen radical attack on proteins in SCI. The occurrence of stress is indicated by deranged stress-induced phosphoprotein 1 and signaling abnormalities are reflected by adenylyl cyclase-associated protein 1 and 14-3-3 epsilon protein, The findings propose the involvement of the corresponding cascades and challenge further work into aberrant signaling and oxidative stress in SCI, which may form the basis for experimental intervention for spinal cord trauma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1591-1597
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of proteome research
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 5 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Contusion injury
  • Ion trap
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Post-translational modification
  • Protein levels
  • Rat
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Chemistry(all)

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