Differential effects of airway afferent nerve subtypes on cough and respiration in anesthetized guinea pigs

Yang Ling Chou, Mark D. Scarupa, Nanako Mori, Brendan J Canning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The hypothesis that respiratory reflexes, such as cough, reflect the net and often opposing effects of activation of multiple afferent nerve subpopulations throughout the airways was evaluated. Laryngeal and tracheal mucosal challenge with either citric acid or mechanical probing reliably evoked coughing in anesthetized guinea pigs. No other stimulus reliably evoked coughing in these animals, regardless of route of administration and despite some profound effects on respiration. Selectively activating vagal C-fibers arising from the nodose ganglia with either adenosine or 2-methyl-5-HT evoked only tachypnea. Selectively activating vagal afferents arising from the jugular ganglia induced respiratory slowing and apnea. Nasal afferent nerve activation by capsaicin, citric acid, hypertonic saline, or histamine evoked only respiratory slowing. Histamine, which activates intrapulmonary rapidly adapting receptors but not airway or lung C-fibers or tracheal bronchial cough receptors induced bronchospasm and tachypnea, but no coughing. The results indicate that the reflexes initiated by stimuli thought to be selective for some afferent nerve subtypes will likely depend on the net and potentially opposing effects of multiple afferent nerve subpopulations throughout the airways. The data also provide further evidence that the afferent nerves regulating cough in anesthetized guinea pigs are distinct from either C-fibers or intrapulmonary rapidly adapting receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume295
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008

Fingerprint

Unmyelinated Nerve Fibers
Cough
Tachypnea
Respiration
Guinea Pigs
Citric Acid
Histamine
Reflex
Nodose Ganglion
Bronchial Spasm
Capsaicin
Apnea
Nose
Ganglia
Adenosine
Neck
Lung

Keywords

  • Apnea
  • Capsaicin
  • Laryngeal
  • Trigeminal
  • Vagal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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abstract = "The hypothesis that respiratory reflexes, such as cough, reflect the net and often opposing effects of activation of multiple afferent nerve subpopulations throughout the airways was evaluated. Laryngeal and tracheal mucosal challenge with either citric acid or mechanical probing reliably evoked coughing in anesthetized guinea pigs. No other stimulus reliably evoked coughing in these animals, regardless of route of administration and despite some profound effects on respiration. Selectively activating vagal C-fibers arising from the nodose ganglia with either adenosine or 2-methyl-5-HT evoked only tachypnea. Selectively activating vagal afferents arising from the jugular ganglia induced respiratory slowing and apnea. Nasal afferent nerve activation by capsaicin, citric acid, hypertonic saline, or histamine evoked only respiratory slowing. Histamine, which activates intrapulmonary rapidly adapting receptors but not airway or lung C-fibers or tracheal bronchial cough receptors induced bronchospasm and tachypnea, but no coughing. The results indicate that the reflexes initiated by stimuli thought to be selective for some afferent nerve subtypes will likely depend on the net and potentially opposing effects of multiple afferent nerve subpopulations throughout the airways. The data also provide further evidence that the afferent nerves regulating cough in anesthetized guinea pigs are distinct from either C-fibers or intrapulmonary rapidly adapting receptors.",
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