Differential effectiveness of methylphenidate and Adderall® in school- age youths with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Michael J. Manos, Elizabeth J. Short, Robert L. Findling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of a single dose of Adderall® (q.d.) with that of 2 daily doses of methylphenidate (b.i.d.; MPH) as a treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in youths ranging in age from 5 to 17 years. Forty-two youths treated with MPH were compared with 42 youths treated with Adderall®. Subjects were matched for age, sex, and DSM-IV diagnostic subtype. Method: Youths were assigned to the Adderall® or MPH condition by their prescribing physician. All youths were evaluated under 5 conditions, including baseline, placebo, 5 rag, 10 mg, and 15 rag. The best dose was assigned prior to breaking the medication blind and was assigned by the consensus of the psychologist and psychiatrist. Subjective ratings by both teachers and parents were examined for dosage level effects and medication type effects. Results: Best dose was always superior to baseline and placebo conditions. No differences between MPH and Adderall® were observed on either teacher or parent ratings of behavior. Conclusions: Both MPH and Adderall® have been shown to be effective treatments for children with ADHD. Both medications appear to improve teachers' and parents' ratings of behavior. Single-dose treatments of Adderall® appear to be as effective as 2 daily doses of MPH and therefore increase the possibility of managing treatment without involving the school in medication administration. In addition, youths who have previously been unsuccessfully treated with MPH because of adverse side effects or poor response may be successfully treated with Adderall®.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)813-819
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume38
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adderall®
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Dose
  • Methylphenidate
  • Stimulant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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