Different Staphylococcus aureus whole bacteria mutated in putative pro-inflammatory membrane components have similar cytokine inducing activity

Christoph Rockel, Thomas Hartung, Corinna Hermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The role of the different major cell wall components of Gram-positive bacteria for immune stimulation is controversial. We thus compared the cytokine inducing capacity of different Staphylococcus aureus (SA) mutants lacking either lipoproteins (SA 113. Δlgt), or wall teichoic acids (WTA) (ΔTA), or possessing a reduced d-alanine content in lipoteichoic acid (LTA) (SA 113. Δdlt) to its corresponding wildtype (SA 113. wt). Inactivated whole bacteria and their purified cell wall components peptidoglycan and LTA, were used to stimulate human whole blood and macrophages from TLR2 knock-out mice. We found that all S. aureus strains induced similar amounts of TNF, IL-8 and IL-10 and none of them was dependent on the presence of TLR2. Surprisingly, in case of SA 113. Δlgt a significant attenuated release of only IL-1β protein and mRNA in human whole blood was observed. Highly purified peptidoglycan from all strains in contrast to LTA had a very low activity in stimulating cytokine release. Taken together these results demonstrate that major cell wall alterations like lack of WTA, lipoproteins or alterations in d-alanine content do not affect the overall cytokine inducing potential of whole bacteria and thus cytokine induction is initiated by redundant mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)316-321
Number of pages6
JournalImmunobiology
Volume216
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Inflammation
  • LTA
  • Lipoproteins
  • Peptidoglycan
  • Staphylococcus aureus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Hematology

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