Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the side effect profiles of clozapine and risperidone. Method: The subjects were 20 outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who were clinically stable on a regimen of clozapine at the time of screening. They underwent a randomized-order crossover comparison of 6 weeks of risperidone treatment and 6 weeks of clozapine treatment. Clinical and neurocognitive variables were assessed by raters blind to medication status, and severity of side effects was determined from patients' self-reports. Results: Side effect measures, but not clinical ratings, were significantly different after 6 weeks of treatment with the two drugs. Patients required more benztropine for motor effects and complained of more insomnia with risperidone and more sedation with clozapine. Body weight was higher at the end of clozapine treatment than at the end of risperidone treatment. Conclusions: In this exploratory study, the side effects profiles of clozapine and risperidone were consistent with the different pharmacodynamic profiles of the two drugs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health