Differences in the ways sympathetic neurons and endocrine cells process, store, and secrete exogenous neuropeptides and peptide-processing enzymes

Ruth Marx, Rajaâ El Meskini, David C. Johns, Richard E. Mains

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Most neurons store peptides in large dense core vesicles (LDCVs) and release the neuropeptides in a regulated manner. Although LDCVs have been studied in endocrine cells, less is known about these storage organelles in neurons. In this study we use the endogenous peptide NPY (neuropeptide Y) and the endogenous peptide-processing enzyme PAM (peptidylglycine α-amidating monooxygenase) as tools to study the peptidergic system in cultured neurons from the superior cervical ganglion (SCG). Once mature, SCG neurons devote as much of their biosynthetic capabilities to neurotransmitter production as endocrine cells devote to hormone production. Unlike pituitary and atrium, SCG neurons cleave almost all of the bifunctional PAM protein they produce into soluble monofunctional enzymes. Very little PAM or NPY is secreted under basal conditions, and the addition of secretagogue dramatically stimulates the secretion of PAM and NPY to a similar extent. Although endocrine cells typically package 'foreign' secretory products together with endogenous products, pro-opiomelanocortinand PAM-derived products encoded by adenovirus in large part were excluded from the LDCVs of SCG neurons. When expressed in corticotrope tumor cells and primary anterior pituitary cultures, the same virally encoded products were metabolized normally. The differences that were observed could reflect differences in the properties of neuronal and endocrine peptidergic systems or differences in the ability of neurons and endocrine cells to express viral transcripts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8300-8311
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume19
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1999

Keywords

  • ACTH
  • Neuropeptide Y
  • PAM
  • PC1
  • PC2
  • Regulated secretion
  • Superior cervical ganglion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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