The effects of changes in PaCO2 and PaO2 on the swallowing reflex were studied in anaesthetized, vagotomized, paralysed and artificially ventilated cats. The swallowing reflex was induced by electrical stimulation of the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN). This initially suppressed activity in the phrenic nerve (PN). The swallowing reflex was then identified by a characteristic brief burst of PN activity and a large amplitude burst of hypoglossal nerve (HN) activity. Steady-state responses to constant SLN stimulation for 60 s were measured at four carbon dioxide tensions (PaCO2 3.9, 5.1, 6.3 and 7.8 kPa) with hyperoxia (PaCO2 > 51 kPa) and at four values of PaO2 (PaO2 56, 11.3, 6.9 and 4.8 kPa) at a fixed PaCO2 (PaCO2 4.2 kPa). Although both hypercapnia and hypoxia increased the spontaneous respiratory activity in PN and HN, the number of swallows elicited during SLN stimulation was not influenced by PaCO2′, whereas a progressive decrease in the number of swallows with decreasing PaO2 was observed consistently. These results indicate that the swallowing reflex is independent of the background respiratory activity and that hypoxia depresses the swallowing reflex, whereas hypercapnia has no effect.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine