Differences in the Effects of Host Suppression on the Adoptive Immunotherapy of Subcutaneous and Visceral Tumors

Alfred E. Chang, Suyu Shu, Takaaki Chou, Rene Lafreniere, Steven A. Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A syngeneic transplantable sarcoma induced in C57BL/6 mice, MCA 105, was used in studies to examine host suppression on the adoptive immunotherapy of established intradermal and experimentally induced pulmonary and hepatic metastases. Fresh immune splenocytes were generated from mice immunized to the MCA 105 tumor by a mixture of viable tumor cells and Corynebacterium parvum. The adoptive immunotherapy of intradermal MCA 105 tumor with immune cells required prior immunosuppression of the recipient by sublethal irradiation with 500 R or T-cell depletion. The effect of whole-body sublethal irradiation appeared to eliminate a systemic host suppression mechanism, since partial-body irradiation involving the tumorbearing area did not permit successful immunotherapy. Host irradiation was not required to achieve successful immunotherapy of experimentally induced pulmonary or hepatic metastases. In nonirradiated recipients bearing both intradermal and pulmonary tumors, host suppression did not affect the function of transferred immune cells to induce regression of pulmonary metastases. Thus, suppression of adoptive immunotherapy appears to be relevant to tumors confined to the skin and subcutaneous tissue but not to tumor in visceral sites, such as the lung and liver.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3426-3430
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume46
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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