Differences in inducibility of the latent HIV reservoir in perinatal and adult infection

Adit Dhummakupt, Jessica H. Rubens, Thuy Anderson, Laura Powell, Bareng A.S. Nonyane, Lilly V. Siems, Aleisha Collinson-Streng, Tricia Nilles, R. Brad Jones, Vicki Tepper, Allison Agwu, Deborah Persaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The HIV latent reservoir in resting memory CD4+ T cells precludes cure. Therapeutics to reactivate and eliminate this reservoir are in clinical trials in adults, but not yet in pediatric populations. We determined, ex vivo, the inducibility of the latent reservoir in perinatal infection as compared with adult infections using the Tat/rev induced limiting dilution assay (TILDA), in which a single round (12 hours) of CD4+ T cell stimulation with PMA/ionomycin maximally activates T cells and leads to proviral expression with multiply spliced HIV RNA production. Markers of immune activation and exhaustion were measured to assess interactions with inducibility. Although rates of T cell activation with PMA/ionomycin were similar, the latent reservoir in perinatal infection was slower to reactivate and of lower magnitude compared with adult infection, independent of proviral load. An enhanced TILDA with the addition of phytohemagglutin and a duration of 18 hours augmented proviral expression in perinatal but not adult infection. The baseline HLA-DR+CD4+ T cell level was significantly lower in perinatal compared with adult infections, but not correlated with induced reservoir size. These data support the hypothesis that there are differences in kinetics of latency reversal and baseline immune activation in perinatal compared with adult infections, with implications for latency reversal strategies toward reservoir clearance and remission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere134105
JournalJCI Insight
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 27 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Differences in inducibility of the latent HIV reservoir in perinatal and adult infection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Dhummakupt, A., Rubens, J. H., Anderson, T., Powell, L., Nonyane, B. A. S., Siems, L. V., Collinson-Streng, A., Nilles, T., Jones, R. B., Tepper, V., Agwu, A., & Persaud, D. (2020). Differences in inducibility of the latent HIV reservoir in perinatal and adult infection. JCI Insight, 5(4), [e134105]. https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.134105