Differences in Health Care Resource Utilization After Surgery for Metastatic Spinal Column Tumors in Patients with a Concurrent Affective Disorder in the United States

Aladine A. Elsamadicy, Andrew B. Koo, Margot Sarkozy, Benjamin C. Reeves, Zach Pennington, John Havlik, Mani R. Sandhu, Andrew Hersh, Saarang Patel, Luis Kolb, Sheng Fu Larry Lo, John H. Shin, Ehud Mendel, Daniel M. Sciubba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Affective disorders, such as depression and anxiety, are exceedingly common among patients with metastatic cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between affective disorders and health care resource utilization in patients undergoing surgery for a spinal column metastasis. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed using the 2016–2018 National Inpatient Sample database. All adult patients (≥18 years) undergoing surgery for a metastatic spinal tumor were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification coding systems. Patients were categorized into 2 cohorts: no affective disorder (No-AD) and affective disorder (AD). Patient demographics, comorbidities, hospital characteristics, intraoperative variables, postoperative adverse events (AEs), length of stay (LOS), discharge disposition, and total cost of hospital admission were assessed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of increased cost, nonroutine discharge, and prolonged LOS. Results: Of the 8360 patients identified, 1710 (20.5%) had a diagnosis of AD. Although no difference was observed in the rates of postoperative AEs between the cohorts (P = 0.912), the AD cohort had a significantly longer mean LOS (No-AD, 10.1 ± 8.3 days vs. AD, 11.6 ± 9.8 days; P = 0.012) and greater total cost (No-AD, $53,165 ± 35,512 vs. AD, $59,282 ± 36,917; P = 0.011). No significant differences in nonroutine discharge were observed between the cohorts (P = 0.265). On multivariate regression analysis, having an affective disorder was a significant predictor of increased costs (odds ratio, 1.45; confidence interval, 1.03–2.05; P = 0.034) and nonroutine discharge (odds ratio, 1.40; confidence interval, 1.06–1.85; P = 0.017), but not prolonged LOS (P = 0.067). Conclusions: Our study found that affective disorders were significantly associated with greater hospital expenditures and nonroutine discharge, but not prolonged LOS, for patients undergoing surgery for spinal metastases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e252-e267
JournalWorld neurosurgery
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Affective disorders
  • Health care resource utilization
  • Spinal column metastases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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