Prior studies have shown that women have declines in bone structure and strength after hip fracture, but it is unclear whether men sustain similar changes. Therefore, the objective was to examine sex differences in proximal femur geometry following hip fracture. Hip structural analysis was used to derive metrics of bone structure and strength: aerial bone mineral density, cross-sectional bone area (CSA), cortical outer diameter, section modulus (SM), and buckling ratio (BR) from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans performed at baseline (within 22 days of hospital admission), two, six, or twelve months after hip fracture in men and women (n = 282) enrolled in the Baltimore Hip Studies 7th cohort. Weighted estimating equations were used to evaluate sex differences at the narrow neck (NN), intertrochanteric (IT), and femoral shaft (FS). Men had significantly different one year NN changes compared to women in CSA: − 6.33% (− 12.47, − 0.20) vs. 1.37% (− 3.31, 6.43), P = 0.049; SM: − 4.98% (− 11.08, 1.10) vs. 3.94% (− 2.51, 10.42), P = 0.042; and BR: 7.50% (0.65, 14.36) vs. − 1.20% (− 6.41, 4.00), P = 0.044. One year IT changes displayed similar patterns, but the sex differences were not statistically significant for CSA: − 4.07% (− 10.83, 2.67) vs. 0.41% (− 3.41, 4.24), P = 0.252; SM: − 4.78% (− 12.10, 5.53) vs. -0.31 (− 4.74, 4.11), P = 0.287; and BR: 4.59% (− 0.65, 9.84) vs. 1.52% (− 4.23, 7.28), P = 0.425. Differences in FS geometric parameters were even smaller in magnitude and not significantly different by sex. Women generally experienced non-significant increases in bone tissue and strength following hip fracture, while men had structural declines that were statistically greater at the NN region. Reductions in the mechanical strength of the proximal femur after hip fracture could put men at higher risk for subsequent fractures of the contralateral hip.
- Fracture prevention
- Injury/fracture healing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism