Difference in proangiogenic potential of systemic and pulmonary endothelium: Role of CXCR2

Aigul Moldobaeva, Elizabeth Marie Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The systemic vasculature in and surrounding the lung is proangiogenic, whereas the pulmonary vasculature rarely participates in neovascularization. We studied the effects of the proangiogenic ELR+ CXC chemokine MIP-2 (macrophage inflammatory protein-2) on endothelial cell proliferation and chemotaxis. Mouse aortic, pulmonary arterial, and lung microvascular endothelial cells were isolated and subcultured. Proliferation ([3H]thymidine uptake) and migration (Transwell chemotaxis) were evaluated in each cell type at baseline and upon exposure to MIP-2 (1-100 ng/ml) without and with exposure to hypoxia (24 h)-reoxygenation. Baseline proliferation did not vary among cell types, and all cells showed increased proliferation after MIP-2. Aortic cell chemotaxis increased markedly upon exposure to MIP-2; however, neither pulmonary artery nor lung microvascular endothelial cells responded to this chemokine. Assessment of CXCR2, the G protein-coupled receptor through which MIP-2 signals, displayed no baseline difference in mRNA, protein, or cell surface expression among cell types. Exposure to hypoxia increased expression of CXCR2 of aortic endothelial cells only. Additionally, aortic cells, compared with pulmonary cells, showed significantly greater protein and activity of cathepsin S, a proteolytic enzyme important for cell motility. Thus the combined effects of increased cathepsin S activity, providing increased motility and enhanced CXCR2 expression after hypoxia, both contribute to the proangiogenic phenotype of systemic arterial endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume288
Issue number6 32-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005

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Chemokine CXCL2
Endothelium
cathepsin S
Lung
Endothelial Cells
Chemotaxis
Interleukin-8B Receptors
Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins
CXC Chemokines
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Chemokines
Thymidine
Pulmonary Artery
Cell Movement
Membrane Proteins
Peptide Hydrolases
Cell Proliferation
Phenotype
Messenger RNA
Hypoxia

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Cathepsin S
  • Hypoxia-reoxygenation
  • Macrophage inflammatory protein-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Difference in proangiogenic potential of systemic and pulmonary endothelium: Role of CXCR2",
abstract = "The systemic vasculature in and surrounding the lung is proangiogenic, whereas the pulmonary vasculature rarely participates in neovascularization. We studied the effects of the proangiogenic ELR+ CXC chemokine MIP-2 (macrophage inflammatory protein-2) on endothelial cell proliferation and chemotaxis. Mouse aortic, pulmonary arterial, and lung microvascular endothelial cells were isolated and subcultured. Proliferation ([3H]thymidine uptake) and migration (Transwell chemotaxis) were evaluated in each cell type at baseline and upon exposure to MIP-2 (1-100 ng/ml) without and with exposure to hypoxia (24 h)-reoxygenation. Baseline proliferation did not vary among cell types, and all cells showed increased proliferation after MIP-2. Aortic cell chemotaxis increased markedly upon exposure to MIP-2; however, neither pulmonary artery nor lung microvascular endothelial cells responded to this chemokine. Assessment of CXCR2, the G protein-coupled receptor through which MIP-2 signals, displayed no baseline difference in mRNA, protein, or cell surface expression among cell types. Exposure to hypoxia increased expression of CXCR2 of aortic endothelial cells only. Additionally, aortic cells, compared with pulmonary cells, showed significantly greater protein and activity of cathepsin S, a proteolytic enzyme important for cell motility. Thus the combined effects of increased cathepsin S activity, providing increased motility and enhanced CXCR2 expression after hypoxia, both contribute to the proangiogenic phenotype of systemic arterial endothelial cells.",
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AU - Moldobaeva, Aigul

AU - Wagner, Elizabeth Marie

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N2 - The systemic vasculature in and surrounding the lung is proangiogenic, whereas the pulmonary vasculature rarely participates in neovascularization. We studied the effects of the proangiogenic ELR+ CXC chemokine MIP-2 (macrophage inflammatory protein-2) on endothelial cell proliferation and chemotaxis. Mouse aortic, pulmonary arterial, and lung microvascular endothelial cells were isolated and subcultured. Proliferation ([3H]thymidine uptake) and migration (Transwell chemotaxis) were evaluated in each cell type at baseline and upon exposure to MIP-2 (1-100 ng/ml) without and with exposure to hypoxia (24 h)-reoxygenation. Baseline proliferation did not vary among cell types, and all cells showed increased proliferation after MIP-2. Aortic cell chemotaxis increased markedly upon exposure to MIP-2; however, neither pulmonary artery nor lung microvascular endothelial cells responded to this chemokine. Assessment of CXCR2, the G protein-coupled receptor through which MIP-2 signals, displayed no baseline difference in mRNA, protein, or cell surface expression among cell types. Exposure to hypoxia increased expression of CXCR2 of aortic endothelial cells only. Additionally, aortic cells, compared with pulmonary cells, showed significantly greater protein and activity of cathepsin S, a proteolytic enzyme important for cell motility. Thus the combined effects of increased cathepsin S activity, providing increased motility and enhanced CXCR2 expression after hypoxia, both contribute to the proangiogenic phenotype of systemic arterial endothelial cells.

AB - The systemic vasculature in and surrounding the lung is proangiogenic, whereas the pulmonary vasculature rarely participates in neovascularization. We studied the effects of the proangiogenic ELR+ CXC chemokine MIP-2 (macrophage inflammatory protein-2) on endothelial cell proliferation and chemotaxis. Mouse aortic, pulmonary arterial, and lung microvascular endothelial cells were isolated and subcultured. Proliferation ([3H]thymidine uptake) and migration (Transwell chemotaxis) were evaluated in each cell type at baseline and upon exposure to MIP-2 (1-100 ng/ml) without and with exposure to hypoxia (24 h)-reoxygenation. Baseline proliferation did not vary among cell types, and all cells showed increased proliferation after MIP-2. Aortic cell chemotaxis increased markedly upon exposure to MIP-2; however, neither pulmonary artery nor lung microvascular endothelial cells responded to this chemokine. Assessment of CXCR2, the G protein-coupled receptor through which MIP-2 signals, displayed no baseline difference in mRNA, protein, or cell surface expression among cell types. Exposure to hypoxia increased expression of CXCR2 of aortic endothelial cells only. Additionally, aortic cells, compared with pulmonary cells, showed significantly greater protein and activity of cathepsin S, a proteolytic enzyme important for cell motility. Thus the combined effects of increased cathepsin S activity, providing increased motility and enhanced CXCR2 expression after hypoxia, both contribute to the proangiogenic phenotype of systemic arterial endothelial cells.

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