Dietary patterns, asthma, and lung function in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

Yueh Ying Han, Elina Jerschow, Erick Forno, Simin Hua, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Krista M. Perreira, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Majid Afshar, Naresh M. Punjabi, Bharat Thyagarajan, Nitin Shivappa, James R. Hébert, Robert C. Kaplan, Juan C. Celedón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Rationale: Dietary patterns may alter immune responses and increase asthma risk or affect lung function. Objectives: To examine whether a proinflammatory diet (assessed by the energy-adjusted Dietary Inflammatory Index [E-DII]) or high dietary quality (assessed by the Alternative Healthy Eating Index [AHEI-2010]) are associated with current asthma, current asthma symptoms, and lung function in Hispanic adults. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 12,687 adults aged 18 to 76 years who participated in the Hispanic Community Health Study/ Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The E-DII and AHEI-2010 were calculated based on two 24-hour dietary recalls. Logistic or linear regression was used for the multivariable analysis of E-DII or AHEI-2010 scores and current asthma, asthma symptoms, and lung function measures, adjusting for age, sex, annual household income, study center, Hispanic/Latino background, smoking status, and other covariates. Results: A higher E-DII score was associated with current asthma (odds ratio [OR] for quartile 4 vs. 1, 1.35; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.97–1.90) and asthma symptoms (OR for quartile 4 vs. 1, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.12–1.81). The AHEI-2010 score was not associated with current asthma or asthma symptoms. Among adults without asthma, a higher E-DII score was associated with lower forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC), and a higher AHEI-2010 score was associated with higher FEV1 and FVC. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that a proinflammatory diet increases the risk of asthma and asthma symptoms in Hispanic adults. An antiinflammatory diet (indicated by a lower E-DII or a higher AHEI-2010 score) may positively influence lung function in Hispanic adults without asthma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-301
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of the American Thoracic Society
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

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Keywords

  • AHEI-2010
  • Asthma
  • Dietary Inflammatory Index
  • HCHS/SOL
  • Lung function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Han, Y. Y., Jerschow, E., Forno, E., Hua, S., Mossavar-Rahmani, Y., Perreira, K. M., Sotres-Alvarez, D., Afshar, M., Punjabi, N. M., Thyagarajan, B., Shivappa, N., Hébert, J. R., Kaplan, R. C., & Celedón, J. C. (2020). Dietary patterns, asthma, and lung function in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 17(3), 293-301. https://doi.org/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201908-629OC