Dietary modulation of azaserine-induced pancreatic carcinogenesis in the rat

B. D. Roebuck, James D. Yager, Daniel S. Longnecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Because diet has been shown to modulate the incidence of a wide variety of chemically induced cancers in experimental animals, various dietary constituents were evaluated for their ability to modulate the incidence of pancreatic exocrine cancer in male Wistar/Lewis rats given injections of the pancreatic carcinogen, azaserine. Ten different diet regimens were fed. The incidence of pancreatic cancers in rats fed a control diet was compared to that in groups fed diets formulated to evaluate the effect of caloric restriction, high protein, low protein, low fat, cyclopropenoid fatty acids, lipotrope deficiency, high unsaturated fat, and high saturated fat. The incidence of pan creatic adenomas and carcinomas was evaluated by light microscopy. The number of pancreatic neoplasms was reduced in carcinogen-treated groups which were underfed the control diet or fed the diet high in protein. Pancreatic carcinogenesis appeared to be enhanced in two groups which were fed diets containing 20% corn oil, i.e., high in unsaturated fat; whereas, the group fed a diet high in saturated fat had the same incidence of neoplasms as did the group fed the control diet. The pancreatic neoplasms from groups in which the incidence was enhanced by diet showed less evidence of acinar cell differ entiation and displayed diverse histological types. In the lipotrope- deficient group, there was a significantly increased incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma; however, a low incidence of liver tumors was encountered in all other dietary groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)888-893
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume41
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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