Dietary intakes among South Asian adults differ by length of residence in the USA

Sameera A. Talegawkar, Namratha R. Kandula, Meghana D. Gadgil, Dipika Desai, Alka M. Kanaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: To examine whether nutrient and food intakes among South Asian adult immigrants differ by length of residence in the USA. Design: Cross-sectional analysis to examine differences in nutrient and food intakes by length of residence in the USA. Dietary data were collected using an interviewer-administered, culturally appropriate FFQ, while self-reported length of residence was assessed using a questionnaire and modelled as tertiles. Setting: The Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) study. Subjects: Eight hundred and seventy-four South Asians (mean age=55 (sd 9) years; 47 % women; range of length of residence in the USA=2–58 years), part of the baseline examination of the MASALA study. Results: Intakes of fat, including saturated and trans fats, dietary cholesterol and n-6 fatty acids, were directly associated with length of residence, while intakes of energy, carbohydrate, glycaemic index and load, protein, dietary fibre, folate and K were inversely associated with length of residence (P trend

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Publication statusAccepted/In press - May 20 2015



  • Acculturation
  • Foods
  • Length of residence in USA
  • Nutrients
  • South Asians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Talegawkar, S. A., Kandula, N. R., Gadgil, M. D., Desai, D., & Kanaya, A. M. (Accepted/In press). Dietary intakes among South Asian adults differ by length of residence in the USA. Public Health Nutrition.