Dietary intake in infants and young children in the Marshall Islands.

Victoria M. Gammino, Joel Gittelsohn, Justina R. Langidrik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Changes in traditional foodways associated with increasing modernization have affected the feeding patterns of infants and young children. Declines in the duration of exclusive breastfeeding have been associated with poor nutritional status and increased morbidity from infectious diseases. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of dietary intake in children under six in four settings in the Republic of the Marshall Islands in Micronesia. The mean duration of breastfeeding in the sample was 11 months, however only 16% of subjects were exclusively breastfed for the first six months, which is recommended by the WHO, UNICEF and other policymakers. Among non-exclusively breastfed infants, supplemental foods were introduced as early as 2 months. Mean intakes for total energy, protein, carbohydrates, fat and iron were calculated for subjects providing recalls. Intake levels for energy, protein, carbohydrates and iron varied by location. Recommendations for future research and program intervention are outlined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-21
Number of pages9
JournalPacific health dialog
Volume14
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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