Dietary antioxidant intake and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults

James M. Peacock, Aaron R. Folsom, David S. Knopman, Thomas H. Mosley, David C. Goff, Moyses Szklo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To assess the cross-sectional association of dietary and supplemental antioxidant (carotenoids, vitamins C and E) intake with cognitive function in 12 187 individuals, aged 48-67 years, participating in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. Methods: Dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins, as assessed by a food frequency questionnaire, and use of supplements were analysed in relation to the results of three cognitive tests, the delayed word recall test, the Wechsler adult intelligence scale, revised (WAIS-R) digit symbol subtest and the word fluency test. Results: After adjustment for covariates previously found to be associated with cognition in this sample, we found no consistent associations between dietary antioxidant vitamin intake or supplement use and any of the cognitive tests. Conclusions: This study suggests little, if any, association between antioxidant vitamin intake and better cognitive function in middle-aged adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-343
Number of pages7
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume3
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

middle-aged adults
cognition
Antioxidants
Vitamins
Cognition
antioxidants
nutrient intake
testing
vitamin supplements
food frequency questionnaires
Carotenoids
atherosclerosis
Vitamin E
Intelligence
Ascorbic Acid
vitamin E
vitamins
food intake
Atherosclerosis
carotenoids

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Cognition
  • Cross-sectional study
  • Epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Food Science

Cite this

Peacock, J. M., Folsom, A. R., Knopman, D. S., Mosley, T. H., Goff, D. C., & Szklo, M. (2000). Dietary antioxidant intake and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults. Public Health Nutrition, 3(3), 337-343.

Dietary antioxidant intake and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults. / Peacock, James M.; Folsom, Aaron R.; Knopman, David S.; Mosley, Thomas H.; Goff, David C.; Szklo, Moyses.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2000, p. 337-343.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Peacock, JM, Folsom, AR, Knopman, DS, Mosley, TH, Goff, DC & Szklo, M 2000, 'Dietary antioxidant intake and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 337-343.
Peacock JM, Folsom AR, Knopman DS, Mosley TH, Goff DC, Szklo M. Dietary antioxidant intake and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults. Public Health Nutrition. 2000;3(3):337-343.
Peacock, James M. ; Folsom, Aaron R. ; Knopman, David S. ; Mosley, Thomas H. ; Goff, David C. ; Szklo, Moyses. / Dietary antioxidant intake and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2000 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 337-343.
@article{ee5301a3b46742589cef7ed1bfef9fc8,
title = "Dietary antioxidant intake and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults",
abstract = "Objective: To assess the cross-sectional association of dietary and supplemental antioxidant (carotenoids, vitamins C and E) intake with cognitive function in 12 187 individuals, aged 48-67 years, participating in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. Methods: Dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins, as assessed by a food frequency questionnaire, and use of supplements were analysed in relation to the results of three cognitive tests, the delayed word recall test, the Wechsler adult intelligence scale, revised (WAIS-R) digit symbol subtest and the word fluency test. Results: After adjustment for covariates previously found to be associated with cognition in this sample, we found no consistent associations between dietary antioxidant vitamin intake or supplement use and any of the cognitive tests. Conclusions: This study suggests little, if any, association between antioxidant vitamin intake and better cognitive function in middle-aged adults.",
keywords = "Antioxidants, Cognition, Cross-sectional study, Epidemiology",
author = "Peacock, {James M.} and Folsom, {Aaron R.} and Knopman, {David S.} and Mosley, {Thomas H.} and Goff, {David C.} and Moyses Szklo",
year = "2000",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
pages = "337--343",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary antioxidant intake and cognitive performance in middle-aged adults

AU - Peacock, James M.

AU - Folsom, Aaron R.

AU - Knopman, David S.

AU - Mosley, Thomas H.

AU - Goff, David C.

AU - Szklo, Moyses

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Objective: To assess the cross-sectional association of dietary and supplemental antioxidant (carotenoids, vitamins C and E) intake with cognitive function in 12 187 individuals, aged 48-67 years, participating in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. Methods: Dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins, as assessed by a food frequency questionnaire, and use of supplements were analysed in relation to the results of three cognitive tests, the delayed word recall test, the Wechsler adult intelligence scale, revised (WAIS-R) digit symbol subtest and the word fluency test. Results: After adjustment for covariates previously found to be associated with cognition in this sample, we found no consistent associations between dietary antioxidant vitamin intake or supplement use and any of the cognitive tests. Conclusions: This study suggests little, if any, association between antioxidant vitamin intake and better cognitive function in middle-aged adults.

AB - Objective: To assess the cross-sectional association of dietary and supplemental antioxidant (carotenoids, vitamins C and E) intake with cognitive function in 12 187 individuals, aged 48-67 years, participating in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. Methods: Dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins, as assessed by a food frequency questionnaire, and use of supplements were analysed in relation to the results of three cognitive tests, the delayed word recall test, the Wechsler adult intelligence scale, revised (WAIS-R) digit symbol subtest and the word fluency test. Results: After adjustment for covariates previously found to be associated with cognition in this sample, we found no consistent associations between dietary antioxidant vitamin intake or supplement use and any of the cognitive tests. Conclusions: This study suggests little, if any, association between antioxidant vitamin intake and better cognitive function in middle-aged adults.

KW - Antioxidants

KW - Cognition

KW - Cross-sectional study

KW - Epidemiology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033830458&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033830458&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 337

EP - 343

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

IS - 3

ER -