Cell cortices rearrange dynamically to complete cytokinesis, crawl in response to chemoattractant, build tissues, and make neuronal connections. Highly enriched in the cell cortex, actin, myosin II, and actin crosslinkers facilitate cortical movements. Because cortical behavior is the consequence of nanoscale biochemical events, it is essential to probe the cortex at this level. Here, we use high-resolution laser-based particle tracking to examine how myosin II mechanochemistry and dynacortin-mediated actin crosslinking control cortex dynamics in Dictyostelium. Consistent with its low duty ratio, myosin II does not directly drive active bead motility. Instead, myosin II and dynacortin antagonistically regulate other active processes in the living cortex.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Feb 14 2006|
- Cell mechanics
- Laser-based particle tracking
ASJC Scopus subject areas