Diaphragmatic performance during recovery from acute ventilatory failure in Guillain-Barre syndrome and myasthenia gravis

C. O. Borel, C. Tilford, D. G. Nichols, D. F. Hanley, R. J. Traystman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Diaphragmatic muscle performance during acute ventilatory failure due to Guillain-Barre syndrome and myasthenia gravis was assessed to evaluate (1) diaphragmatic function during weaning from ventilatory support and (2) diaphragmatic tension-time integral (TTdi) during ventilatory failure. We used a multilumen nasogastric tube and a pneumotachograph to measure transdiaphragmatic pressure per breath (Pdi), maximum transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi(max)), tidal volume (VT), and inspiratory time fraction during 74 spontaneous breathing trials in nine patients. Diaphragmatic performance was poor in all patients. The Pdi, Pdi(max), and VT improved significantly, but values for Pdi and Pdi(max) remained low even after weaning. Improvement in Pdi(max) was the best predictor of recovery (r=0.48; p<0.001). Maximal inspiratory force correlated with Pdi(max) (r=0.48; p<0.005), but FVC did not. The TTdi rarely exceeded the expected fatigue threshold of 0.15 in spite of the patient's inability to sustain ventilation. Although our patients demonstrated diaphragmatic weakness, TTdi did not demonstrate diaphragmatic fatigue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)444-451
Number of pages8
JournalCHEST
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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