DIAMUND: Direct comparison of genomes to detect mutations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

DNA sequencing has become a powerful method to discover the genetic basis of disease. Standard, widely used protocols for analysis usually begin by comparing each individual to the human reference genome. When applied to a set of related individuals, this approach reveals millions of differences, most of which are shared among the individuals and unrelated to the disease being investigated. We have developed a novel algorithm for variant detection, one that compares DNA sequences directly to one another, without aligning them to the reference genome. When used to find de novo mutations in exome sequences from family trios, or to compare normal and diseased samples from the same individual, the new method, direct alignment for mutation discovery (DIAMUND), produces a dramatically smaller list of candidate mutations than previous methods, without losing sensitivity to detect the true cause of a genetic disease. We demonstrate our results on several example cases, including two family trios in which it correctly found the disease-causing variant while excluding thousands of harmless variants that standard methods had identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-288
Number of pages6
JournalHuman mutation
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 20 2014

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Keywords

  • Bioinformatics
  • Computational biology
  • Exome sequencing
  • Sequence alignment
  • Variant detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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