Background: Push enteroscopy has not been compared to standard endoscopy in children. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of push enteroscopy in children with suspected proximal small bowel disease, and to compare its diagnostic yield and safety with standard endoscopy. Design/Setting: Database review. Patients: A database analysis was performed on all children who underwent push enteroscopy at The Johns Hopkins Children's Center from 2001 to 2005. Patient demographics, clinical history, and indication for push enteroscopy were all recorded. Clinical utility was qualified based on the influence of PE on therapy. Main Outcome Measurements: Diagnostic yield and safety of push enteroscopy in children. Results: Push enteroscopy was performed on 44 children (27 M; 17 F) with a median age (range) of 10 (2-18) years. The most common indications for push enteroscopy were suspected proximal small bowel disease based on radiological criteria (21), and bleeding (9). Push enteroscopy confirmed the diagnosis of proximal small bowel Crohn's disease (CD) in 23, polyps in 5, eosinophilic gastroenteritis in 4, celiac disease in 1, microvillous inclusion disease in 1, and lymphoproliferative disease in 1 patient. An isolated non-Crohn's related gastric (1) and jejunal ulcer (1) was also identified. Just 9 of these identifiable lesions were within reach by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Seven patients had a normal push enteroscopy. The clinical management was modified in 34 patients. Push enteroscopy was not shown to significantly alter the time of procedure when compared to EGD. Conclusions: Push enteroscopy is a safe diagnostic tool with proven clinical utility in children with suspected proximal small bowel disease. Larger studies are needed to establish the widespread application of push enteroscopy in pediatrics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging