Diagnostic quality of dual-source coronary ct examinations performed without heart rate control: Importance of obesity and heart rate on image quality

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: For dual-source cardiac computed tomography (CT) scans without heart rate (HR) control, the influence of body habitus on quality is uncertain. We evaluated study quality across a range of HRs and body size.

Methods: One hundred sixty subjects were randomly selected for 4 HR groups (<70, 70.79, 80.89, .90 beats per minute) from 703 subjects who underwent cardiac CT without premedication. Coronary visualization quality was scored on a 3-point scale (1, nondiagnostic; 2, diagnostic; 3, excellent).

Results: Ninety-nine percent of coronaries were diagnostic quality. Six vessels were nondiagnostic, mostly due to motion. Nondiagnostic or diagnostic scores (<3) were greatest in the group with HR ofmore than or equal to 90 beats per minute. All normal weight subjects had excellent quality, but 6% of vessels in overweight and 17% in obese subjects had diagnostic scores less than 3. The mean effective dose was 11.4 mSv and correlated with body size.

Conclusions: Diagnostic quality cardiac CT examinations can be obtained without premedication regardless of body size.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)949-955
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of computer assisted tomography
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 2014

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Cardiac CT
  • Heart rate
  • Image quality
  • β-blockers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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