Diagnostic performance of multidetector computed tomography in distinguishing unilateral from bilateral abnormalities in primary hyperaldosteronism: Comparison of multidetector computed tomography with adrenal vein sampling

Siva P. Raman, Mark Lessne, Satomi Kawamoto, Yifei Chen, Roberto Salvatori, Jason D. Prescott, Elliot K. Fishman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective The management of patients with primary hyperaldosteronism (PH) varies depending on whether the unregulated aldosterone secretion localizes to a single unilateral adrenal gland, traditionally determined using adrenal vein sampling (AVS). This study seeks to determine if the performance of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) examinations performed using the latest scanner technology can reasonably match the results of AVS, and potentially avoid AVS in some patients. Materials and Methods Computed tomographic scans in 56 patients with PH were independently reviewed by 2 radiologists for the presence of adrenal nodules and qualitative adrenal thickening. Results were correlated with AVS results. Results Of 35 patients with MDCT evidence of unilateral nodules, the imaging findings correctly predicted AVS localization in only 23 (65.7%) cases. When stratified by size, MDCT was accurate in only 71.4% of cases for nodules measuring 10 mm or less, and only 55.0% of cases for nodules measuring 11 to 20 mm. Of the 12 cases where MDCT did not correctly localize, AVS localized to the contralateral adrenal gland in 4 cases, whereas AVS suggested no lateralization in 8 cases. In patients with normal bilateral adrenal glands on MDCT, 2/7 (28.6%) of cases demonstrated unilateral localization on AVS, and in patients with bilateral adrenal nodules, only 3/14 (21.4%) did not demonstrate lateralization on AVS. Conclusions Multidetector computed tomography, even when performed with the latest generation of MDCT scanners, does not offer sufficient diagnostic accuracy to replace AVS in patients with PH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)414-418
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of computer assisted tomography
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 29 2015

Keywords

  • adrenal adenoma
  • adrenal vein sampling
  • computed tomography
  • primary hyperaldosteronism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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