Diagnostic laparoscopy for intraabdominal evaluation and ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement in children: A means to avoid ventriculoatrial shunting

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Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic assistance for the placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) has been shown to be a safe, effective, and minimally invasive approach for distal peritoneal shunt placement. The purpose of our study was to review our experience with laparoscopy for VPS placement in patients with a potential hostile abdomen. Materials and Methods: After institutional review board approval, a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent diagnostic laparoscopy for VPS placement from March 2009 to March 2013 was performed. Patient demographics and outcomes were analyzed. Results: Twenty-seven patients underwent diagnostic laparoscopy for VPS placement at a mean age of 7.7±6.8 years. Twenty-five patients had previous shunts placed in the peritoneum, whereas 2 underwent initial placement. Sixteen patients (59%) had undergone previous non-shunt abdominal operations. Twenty-three patients (85%) had successful peritoneal shunt placement. Distal peritoneal shunt placement was unsuccessful at the time of laparoscopy in 4 patients (15%) secondary to adhesions. Of the 23 patients who had successful peritoneal shunt placement, 57% did not require further shunt intervention, 22% underwent conversion to a ventriculoatrial shunt, 17% underwent re-externalization, and 4% required distal shunt revision. Of the 4 patients who required externalization, 3 underwent a second laparoscopic procedure with successful peritoneal shunt placement. Conclusions: Diagnostic laparoscopy eliminated the need for ventriculoatrial shunt placement in 85% of patients with a potentially hostile abdomen. Sixty percent required no further shunt revision. Laparoscopic-assisted peritoneal shunt insertion is a safe, minimally invasive technique in children with the added benefit of allowing full exploration and adhesiolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-154
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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