Diagnosis of pediatric pulmonary tuberculosis by stool PCR

Hilary Wolf, Melissa Mendez, Robert H. Gilman, Patricia Sheen, Giselle Soto, Angie K. Velarde, Mirko Zimic, A. Roderick Escombe, Sonia Montenegro, Richard A. Oberhelman, Carlton A. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pediatric pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis is difficult because young children are unable to expectorate sputum samples. Testing stool for tuberculosis DNA from swallowed sputum may diagnose pulmonary tuberculosis. Hospitalized children with suspected tuberculosis had stool, nasopharyngeal, and gastric aspirates cultured that confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis in 16/236 patients. Twenty-eight stored stools from these 16 children were used to evaluate stool polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for tuberculosis diagnosis compared with 28 stool samples from 23 healthy control children. Two DNA extraction techniques were used: fast-DNA mechanical homogenization and Chelex-resin chemical extraction. DNA was tested for tuberculosis DNA with a hemi-nested 1S6110 PCR. PCR after Fast-DNA processing was positive for 6/16 culture-proven tuberculosis patients versus 5/16 after Chelex extraction (sensitivity 38% and 31%, respectively). All controls were negative (specificity 100%). If sensitivity can be increased, stool PCR would be a rapid, non-invasive, and relatively bio-secure initial test for children with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)893-898
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume79
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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