Diagnosis of myofascial pain syndrome

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Myofascial pain is one of the most common causes of pain. The diagnosis of myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is made by muscle palpation. The source of the pain in MPS is the myofascial trigger point, a very localized region of tender, contracted muscle that is readily identified by palpation. The trigger point has well-described electrophysiologic properties and is associated with a derangement of the local biochemical milieu of the muscle. A proper diagnosis of MPS includes evaluation of muscle as a cause of pain, and assessment of associated conditions that have an impact on MPS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-355
Number of pages15
JournalPhysical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Keywords

  • Active trigger points
  • Diagnosis
  • Latent trigger points
  • Muscle
  • Myofascial pain
  • Referred pain
  • Trigger points

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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