Diagnosis of mycobacterial infection in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients and HIV carriers.

N. Martín-Casabona, I. Ocaña Rivera, R. Vidal Plá, G. Codina Grau, J. A. Caylá, T. González Fuente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Differences in tuberculosis diagnosis between infected and non-infected HIV patients were described. In Barcelona, tuberculosis is present in 41.6% of 851 patients in whom AIDS was detected between 1981 and the first quarter of 1990. We reviewed the results of the methods used for tuberculosis diagnosis in 270 AIDS patients controlled in our hospital, in whom tuberculosis was detected (33.3%), and we compared these data with the results obtained in HIV carriers with tuberculosis and with tuberculous patients without HIV infection. Statistically significant differences were found between the three groups with respect to sex, age, results of Ziehl-Neelsen stain in pulmonary specimens and skin test reaction; between AIDS patients and the non-HIV infected population differences were observed in tuberculosis site. Positive skin test reaction diminished from tuberculous individuals non-HIV infected (95%), to HIV carriers with tuberculosis (71.8%) and AIDS patients with tuberculosis (21.8%). Acid-fast smears from pulmonary specimens were positive in 35.7%, 23.5% and 43.7% respectively. Statistically significant differences were found in tuberculosis localization between tuberculous patients non-HIV infected and tuberculous patients with AIDS, in the last group tuberculosis lymphadenitis was the most frequent localization (33.3%) of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, followed by abdominal tuberculosis (15.5%). The incidence of HIV infection among tuberculous patients was 4.6 in our study, but could be higher if patients between 19 and 30 years old were always checked for anti-HIV antibodies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-302
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of hygiene, epidemiology, microbiology, and immunology
Volume36
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)

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  • Cite this

    Martín-Casabona, N., Ocaña Rivera, I., Vidal Plá, R., Codina Grau, G., Caylá, J. A., & González Fuente, T. (1992). Diagnosis of mycobacterial infection in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients and HIV carriers. Journal of hygiene, epidemiology, microbiology, and immunology, 36(3), 293-302.