Diagnosis of exercise-induced left bundle branch block at rest by scintigraphic phase analysis

David A. Schultz, Richard L. Wahl, Jack E. Juni, Andrew J. Buda, James D. McMeekin, Linda R. Struble, Michael J. Tuscan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Accurate diagnosis of diseases of the ventricular conducting system is essential for their appropriate therapy. some conduction abnormalities, such as exercise-induced left bundle branch block (EX-LBBB), are not apparent on resting electrocardiograms. Phase analysis of rest and exercise radionuclide ventriculograms (RVG's) was used to compare four EX-LBBB patients with six normal controls. All patients had normal resting electrocardiograms, ejection fractions, and visually normal wall motion. First harmonic phase images were generated reflecting the timing of ventricular contraction. Dynamic phase displays were reviewed and graded in a blinded fashion by three independent experienced observers. Phase angle histograms of the right and left ventricle were determined for both resting and exercise images. The mean phase angle and standard deviation were also calculated for each ventricle. Visual grading of the resting phase images failed to show a significant difference between normal patients and patients with EX-LBBB. Quantitative analysis, however, revealed a significant difference in mean phase angle differences (LV-RV) in resting studies: 0.8° (±1.9° SEM) in normals versus 9.3° (±2.3° SEM) in EX-LBBB patients (P<0.03). Exercise accentuated the phase angle differences: 1.8° in normals vs. 31.2° in EX-LBBB patients (P<0.001). Quantitative phase analysis of resting RVG's permits the diagnosis of cardiac conduction disease that is not apparent on the resting EKG and may result in better monitoring and treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-437
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1986

Keywords

  • Bundle branch block
  • Heart
  • conduction disease
  • phase analysis
  • radionuclide studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Schultz, D. A., Wahl, R. L., Juni, J. E., Buda, A. J., McMeekin, J. D., Struble, L. R., & Tuscan, M. J. (1986). Diagnosis of exercise-induced left bundle branch block at rest by scintigraphic phase analysis. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 11(11), 434-437. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00261005