Peripheral neuropathy induced by cancer chemotherapy represents a large unmet need for patients due to the absence of treatment that can prevent or mitigate this common clinical problem. Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) diagnosis and management is further compounded by the lack of reliable and standardized means to diagnose and monitor patients who are at risk for, or who are symptomatic from, this complication of treatment. The pathogenesis and pathophysiology of CIPN are not fully elucidated, but there is increasing evidence of damage or interference with tubulin function. The diagnosis of CIPN may present a diagnostic dilemma due to the large number of potential toxic etiologies and conditions, which may mimic some of the clinical features; the diagnosis must be approached with care in such patients. The incidence and severity of CIPN is commonly under-reported by physicians as compared with patients. The development of new and reliable methods for the assessment of CIPN as well as safe and effective treatments to prevent this complication of treatment would represent important medical advancements for cancer patients.
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