Diagnosis and Treatment of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis

José A. Caminero, Joan A. Cayla, José María García-García, Francisco J. García-Pérez, Juan J. Palacios, Juan Ruiz-Manzano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In the last 2 decades, drug-resistant tuberculosis has become a threat and a challenge to worldwide public health. The diagnosis and treatment of these forms of tuberculosis are much more complex and prognosis clearly worsens as the resistance pattern intensifies. Nevertheless, it is important to remember that with the appropriatesystematic clinical management, most of these patients can be cured.These guidelines itemize the basis for the diagnosis and treatment of all tuberculosis patients, from those infected by strains that are sensitive to all drugs, to those who are extensively drug-resistant. Specific recommendations are given forall cases. The current and future role of new molecular methods for detecting resistance, shorter multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis regimens, and new drugs with activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis are also addressed.

Original languageSpanish
JournalArchivos de Bronconeumologia
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 30 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Diagnosis
  • Drug-resistant tuberculosis
  • Extremely drug-resistant tuberculosis
  • Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Caminero, J. A., Cayla, J. A., García-García, J. M., García-Pérez, F. J., Palacios, J. J., & Ruiz-Manzano, J. (Accepted/In press). Diagnosis and Treatment of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis. Archivos de Bronconeumologia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arbres.2017.02.006