Diagnosis and management of primary hyperoxaluria type 1 in infancy

Rulan S. Parekh, William E. Smoyer, Timothy E. Bunchman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report a case of a 6-month-old infant who presented with failure to thrive due to end-stage renal disease as a result of primary hyperoxaluria type 1. The infant was managed with a combined daily hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis prescription in order to manage the total body oxalate burden. Medical management included oral pyridoxine, aggressive hydration and nutritional supplementation via an enteral feeding tube. At one year of age the infant underwent a combined liver/kidney transplantation with intra- and daily post-operative hemodialysis to prevent oxalate deposition in the newly transplanted organs. The post-operative course was complicated by gross hematuria and increased hyperoxaluria, requiring an increase in hydration and thiazide diuretics. This infant received a combination of dialysis modalities which was designed to lower the potential oxalate burden prior to transplantation. This case illustrates the difficulty in medical management of an infant pre- and post-combined liver/kidney transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Transplantation
Volume1
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dialysis
  • Hyperoxaluria
  • Infant
  • Kidney/liver transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Transplantation

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