Diagnosis and management of polycystic ovary syndrome in adolescent girls

Erin Lanzo, Maria Monge, Maria Trent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in adolescent girls that has both reproductive and metabolic implications. Patients with PCOS typically present to their pediatrician for evaluation of menstrual irregularity and/or signs of hyperandrogenism, such as hirsutism and acne. The diagnosis of PCOS is made by clinical symptoms and laboratory evaluation. Because of the long-term health consequences that can accompany the disorder, pediatricians should consider PCOS in their initial evaluation of menstrual irregularity. Lifestyle modification is the cornerstone of treatment for girls with PCOS; however, hormonal medication such as oral contraceptive pills and insulin-sensitizing agents are useful and effective adjuncts to therapy. The goals of treatment for girls with PCOS are to improve clinical manifestations of the disorder, health-related quality of life, and long-term health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e223-e230
JournalPediatric annals
Volume44
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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